IPM 2016 Abstracts

  • Bar-Cohen Y.
  • Zacny K.
  • Badescu M.
  • Lee H. J.
  • Sherrit S.
  • Bao X.
  • Paulsen G. L.
  • Beegle L.

To enable the required capability for subsurface sampling in such bodies as Europa a wireline deep rotary-percussive corer, called Auto-Gopher, was developed and will be described.

  • Glavin D. P. *
  • Malespin C. A.
  • ten Kate I. L.
  • McAdam A.
  • Getty S. A.
  • Mumm E.
  • Franz H. B.
  • Southard A. E.
  • Bleacher J. E.
  • Mahaffy P. R.

The Volatile Analysis by Pyrolysis of Regolith (VAPoR) instrument is a pyrolysis mass spectrometer designed to measure the abundance of water and other volatiles released from solids that are heated to temperatures up to 1400C.

  • Gaier J. R. *

The NASA Planetary Science Division’s instrument development programs, Planetary Instrument Concept Advancing Solar System Observations (PICASSO), and Maturation of Instruments for Solar System Exploration Program (MatISSE), are described.

  • Sellamuthu H.
  • Sharma R. K.

An analytical orbit propagator for small spacecraft missions about Mars is developed using Kustaanheimo-Stiefel regularization method. The perturbation models include the solar gravity and the second zonal harmonic of Mars.

  • Drouin B. J.
  • Tang A.
  • Schlecht E.
  • Raymond A. W.
  • Chang M.-C. F.
  • Kim Y.

We describe the initial gas measurements of a novel cavity resonator spectrometer utilizing low-mass/low power CMOS electronics.

  • Blake D. F. *
  • Sarrazin P.
  • Bristow T.
  • Downs R.
  • Gailhanou M.
  • Marchis F.
  • Ming D.
  • Morris R.
  • Solé V. A.
  • Thompson K.
  • Walter P.
  • Wilson M.
  • Yen A.
  • Webb S.

MapX is a full-frame X-ray imager that collects 2.5 × 2.5 cm elemental maps with ≤100 μm spatial resolution. Quantitative XRF spectra from ground- or instrument-selected Regions of Interest (ROI) can be used to identify rock types and mineralogies.

  • Clark P. E. *
  • Malphrus B.
  • Reuter D.
  • MacDowall R.
  • Hurford T.
  • Brambora C.
  • Folta D.
  • Farrell W.

BIRCHES (Broadband InfraRed Compact, High-resolution Exploration Spectrometer) is the payload instrument on Lunar Ice Cube, a science requirements-driven lunar orbiting CubeSat designed to determine volatile distribution as a function of time of day.

  • Fillingim M. O.
  • Wishnow E. H.
  • Miller T.
  • Edelstein J.
  • Lillis R. J.
  • Korpela E.
  • England S.
  • Shourt W. V.
  • Siegmund O.
  • McPhate J.
  • Courtade S.
  • Curtis D. W.
  • Deighan J.
  • Chaffin M.
  • Harmoul A. S.
  • Almatroushi H. R.

We will present the design for a wide field ultraviolet imaging spectrometer for remote sensing of planetary atmospheres. The imaging spectrometer achieves an extremely large instantaneous 110 degree field of view with no moving scanning mirror.

  • Deleuze M. D.
  • Bernardi P. B.
  • Caïs Ph. C.
  • Perez R. P.
  • Rees J. M. R.
  • Pares L. P.
  • Dubois B. D.
  • Parot Y. P.
  • Quertier B. Q.
  • Maurice S. M.
  • Maccabe K. M.
  • Wiens R. W.
  • Rull F. R.

This paper will describe and give a development status of SuperCam’s mast unit. SuperCam will be carried on the Mars 2020 rover, and consists in an enhanced version of the ChemCam LIBS which is still performing at the surface of Mars, on Curiosity.

  • Palomba E. *
  • Dirri F.
  • Longobardo A.
  • Galiano A.
  • Biondi D.
  • Boccaccini A.
  • Zampetti E.
  • Saggin B.
  • Scaccabarozzi D.

The work here presented is focused on VISTA instrument: a μ-thermogravimeter device, which has been studied and proposed for different planetary in-situ missions. The main scientific goals of VISTA and laboratory tests are described.

  • Stillman D. E. *
  • Oden C.
  • Grimm R. E.
  • Pyke B.

Thin conformal broadband antennas allow a GPR instrument (200–1000 MHz) to be mounted to the underside of a rover. Providing 10’s of meters of subsurface imaging through regolith and rock.

  • Dasgupta P. K. *
  • Huang W.
  • Stamos B. N.
  • Zhang M.
  • Noell A. C.
  • Davila A.

Describes a low power low footprint open tubular capillary liquid/ion chromatograph.

  • Webster C. R. *
  • Flesch G. J.
  • Forouhar S.
  • Christensen L. E.
  • Briggs R.
  • Keymeulen D.
  • Blacksberg J.
  • Alerstam E.
  • Mahaffy P. R.

Tunable laser spectrometers enjoy a wide range of applications in scientific research, medicine, industry, Earth and planetary space missions. We will describe instruments for planetary probes, aircraft, balloon, landers and CubeSats.

  • Nikolic D.
  • Darrach M.

LadeeView is a comprehensive lunar data analyzer with modular architecture. Mass spectrometry module is designed to map elemental abundances along the LADEE spacecraft trajectories. These maps are useful input for future models of lunar exosphere.

  • Althaus C. *
  • Hussmann H.
  • Lingenauber K.
  • Michaelis H.
  • Kallenbach R.
  • Oberst J.

The Ganymede Laser Altimeter (GALA) onboard of JUICE mission shall investigate Ganymede. A laser provides the measuring signal and has therefore to be robust and reliable in the environment of Jupiter, in particular with regard to radiation.

  • Chattopadhyay G. *
  • Reck T.
  • Jung-Kubiak C.
  • Gonzalez-Ovejero D.
  • Lee C.
  • Alonso-Del Pino M.

Applying CMOS components and silicon micromachining technology that enable low-mass and highly integrated receivers, we are developing a state-of-the-art submillimeter wavelength radiometer/spectrometer instrument for planetary orbiter missions.

  • Blacksberg J.
  • Alerstam E.
  • Maruyama Y.
  • Cochrane C.
  • Rossman G. R.

We present a miniaturized high-speed pulsed Raman (HiPuR) spectrometer, a planetary surface instrument for in situ identification and quantification of minerals and organics, with surface mapping capabilities on a microscopic scale.

  • Park R. S.
  • Bills B. G.
  • Jorgensen J.
  • Jun I.
  • Maki J. N.
  • McEwen A. S.
  • Riedel E.
  • Walch M.
  • Watkins M. M.

The Advanced Pointing Imaging Camera (APIC) concept is envisioned as an integrated system, with optical bench and flight-proven components, designed for deep-space planetary missions with 2-DOF control capability.

  • Simcic J.
  • Madzunkov S. M.
  • Bae B.
  • Nikolic D.
  • Darrach M.

Presented herein are the latest achievements in developing an instrument with the same analytical performance of commercial Gas Chromatograph Mass Spectrometer systems but approximately an order of magnitude smaller and optimized for space missions.

  • Osburn S. M.
  • Turner B.
  • Sevy E. T.
  • Austin D. E.

High velocity molecular impacts that occur during upper atmosphere flyby missions cause fragmentation of molecules collected from the atmosphere. We are developing a new design for an inlet that will reduce fragmentation of incoming molecules.

  • Huang M. *
  • Gautam N.
  • Sherwin M. S.
  • Kawamura J.
  • Stone K.
  • Focardi P.
  • Chahat N.
  • Gulkis S.
  • Karasik B. S.
  • Pfeiffer L.

We are developing a new class of heterodyne detector called a Tunable Antenna-Coupled Intersubband Terahertz (TACIT) detector. TACIT detector promises nearly quantum-limited noise performance and tunable detection frequency in the THz range.

  • Leask E. K.
  • Ehlmann B. L.

VSWIR microimaging reflectance spectroscopy is used to identify minerals, quantify abundances, and assess textural relationships at sub-mm scale without destroying the sample. Results are compared to traditional methods such as XRD and SEM-EDS.

  • Cook A. M. *
  • Colaprete A.
  • Roush T. L.
  • Benton J. E.
  • Forgione J. B.
  • White B.
  • Bielawski R.
  • Fritzler E.

We present a demonstration of an instrument system built at NASA Ames Research Center, for in situ near-infrared spectral observations and visible imagery of planetary surfaces.

  • Lucey P. G. *
  • Wright R.
  • Honnibal C.
  • Crites S. T.
  • Cahill J.
  • Greenhagen B. T.
  • Glotch T.

Spatial interferometers allow low power hyperspectral imaging for remote sensing and in situ analysis. Over 20 years of experience with this technology will be summarized in under 20 minutes.

  • Moral A. G. *
  • Rull F.
  • Maurice S.
  • Hutchinson I. B.
  • Canora C. P.
  • López G.
  • Canchal R.
  • Gallego P.
  • Seoane L.
  • Prieto J. A. R.
  • Santiago A.
  • Santamaría P.
  • Colombo M.
  • Belenguer T.
  • Ramos G.
  • Parot Y.
  • Ingley R.
  • Woodward S.
  • Shulte W.

The Raman Laser Spectrometer (RLS) is one of the scientific payloads on the ExoMars 2020 mission, within ESA’s Aurora Exploration Program. It will perform Raman spectroscopy on crushed powdered samples, obtained from two meters depth under Mars surface.

  • Blanc M.
  • Jones G.
  • Prieto-Ballesteros O.
  • Mimoun D.
  • Masters A.
  • Kempf S.
  • Iess L.
  • Martins Z.
  • Lorenz R.
  • Lasue J.
  • Andre N.
  • Bills B. G.
  • Choblet G.
  • Collins G.
  • Cremonese G.
  • Garnier P.
  • Hand K.
  • Hartogh P.
  • Khurana K. K.
  • Stephan K.
  • Tosi F.
  • Vance S. D.
  • van Hoolst T.
  • Westall F.
  • Wolwerk M.
  • Cooper J. F.
  • Sittler E. C.
  • Brinckerhoff W.
  • Hurford T.
  • Europa Initiative

The optimal configuration for investigation of habitability and any extant life at Europa would be a combined constellation of flyby, lander, and orbiter spacecraft. The Europa Initiative is designing a small orbiter as part of this constellation.

  • Serabyn E. *
  • Liewer K.
  • Wallace J. K.
  • Rider S.
  • Lindensmith C.
  • Nadeau J.

Microscopy capable of volume imaging can be used to search for microbial life on ocean worlds. Here we discuss our recent digital holographic microscope (DHM) systems, which provide micron-scale resolution in a very compact package.

  • Greenberger R. N.
  • Ehlmann B. L.
  • Green R. O.
  • Blaney D. L.

In situ imaging spectroscopy for geology has been field trialed at outcrop scale and lab trialed at hand sample scale. We present key lessons.

  • Seo M. G.
  • Cho M. H.
  • Tahk M. J.

The algorithm to figure out the common area of two partially overlapping lunar surface images is proposed in this paper. The performance of this algorithm is demonstrated by the image merging test.

  • Ishimaru R.
  • Sakamoto Y.
  • Kobayashi M.
  • Fujita S.
  • Gonai T.
  • Matsui T.

We have launched a CubeSat project to observe meteors from space. A space-based observation enables a continuous global observation of meteors. Furthermore, it can access ultra-violet light from meteors which remain largely unknown.

  • Hamran S.-E. *
  • Amundsen H. E. F.
  • Asak L.
  • Berger T.
  • Brovoll S.
  • Buskenes J. I.
  • Carter L.
  • Damsgård L.
  • Diaz C.
  • Ghent R.
  • Helleren Ø.
  • Kohler J.
  • Mellon M.
  • Nunez D.
  • Paige D.
  • Plettemeier D.
  • Rowe K.
  • Russell P.
  • Sagsveen B.
  • Ødegaard N.
  • Øyan M. J.

The Radar Imager for Mars’ subsurface eXperiment (RIMFAX) ground penetrating radar (GPR) experiment for the Mars 2020 Rover will add a new dimension to the rover’s toolset by providing the capability to image the shallow subsurface beneath the rover.

  • Grimm R. E. *
  • Delory G. T.
  • Espley J. R.
  • Stillman D. E.

A magnetometer alone in insufficient to determine thicknesses of water layers in the ice shell because electromagnetic souce geometry is indeterminate at the "high" frequencies (~1 Hz) needed for adequate resolution.

  • Patel A.
  • Shanmugam M.
  • Ladiya T.

We are developing SDD based x-ray spectrometer using various pulse height analysis techniques. This study will help to identify the proper processing technique based on instrument specifications which can be used for future scientific missions.

  • Abshire J. B. *
  • Guzewich S. D.
  • Smith M. D.
  • Riris H.
  • Sun X.
  • Gentry B. M.
  • Yu A.
  • Allan G. R.

Winds are the key variable to understand atmospheric transport and to answer fundamental questions about the three primary cycles of the Mars climate. We are developing a new orbital lidar to directly measure both wind profiles and aerosol profiles.

  • Riris H. *
  • Abshire J. B.
  • Mumma M.
  • Villanueva G.
  • Hanisco T.

We describe an efficient and sensitive way to map trace gas abundances in planetary atmospheres using small satellites flying in formation and tunable single frequency diode lasers and a sensitive optical detector.

  • Kameda S. *
  • Horiuchi M.
  • Cho Y.
  • Ishibashi K.
  • Wada K.
  • Mikouchi T.
  • Nakamura T.
  • Sugita S.

JAXA’s Martian Moons Exploration (MMX) is planned to be a sample return mission from Phobos, one of the satellites of Mars. We propose adding a laser-induced breakdown spectrometer (LIBS), which enables to determine the origin of the moons.

  • Westlake J. H. *
  • McNutt R. L.
  • Kasper J. C.
  • Case A. W.
  • Rymer A. M.
  • Stevens M. L.
  • Jia X.
  • Paty C.
  • Khurana K. K.
  • Kivelson M. G.
  • Slavin J. A.
  • Smith H. T.
  • Korth H.
  • Krupp N.
  • Roussous E.
  • Saur J.

We present the Plasma Instrument for Magnetic Sounding (PIMS) selected for the Europa Mission. We specifically address how PIMS plasma measurements will improve the accuracy of magnetic sounding of Europa’s subsurface ocean.

  • Cho Y. *
  • Sugita S.
  • Miura Y. N.
  • Okazaki R.
  • Iwata N.
  • Kameda S.

End-to-end experiments show the capability of K-Ar isochron dating with a LIBS-QMS combination. Isochron analyses of two natural rocks exhibit the K-Ar ages consistent with their known ages.

  • Cochrane C. J. *
  • Blacksberg J.

We report on the initial stages of development of a new solid-state SiC magnetometer (SiCMag) intended for planetary field mapping. SiCMag measures magnetic field induced changes in spin dependent recombination current within a SiC pn junction.

  • Hong J.
  • Romaine S.
  • Ramsey B.
  • Nittler L.
  • Grindlay J.

We report the development progress and plan of miniature Wolter-I X-ray optics to make powerful, yet compact lightweight X-ray telescopes affordable for many future planetary missions.

  • Griggs C. E.
  • Paik H. J.
  • Moody M. V.
  • Rowlands D. D.
  • Lemoine F. G.
  • Li X.
  • Han S.-C.

A new and innovative design for a compact tensor gravity gradiometer gives a potential sensitivity better than .1 mE Hz–1/2 in the measurement band of 1 mHz to 0.1 Hz for a device with a baseline just over 10 cm.

  • Clark G. *
  • Westlake J. H.
  • Mitchell D. G.
  • Hoffer E.
  • Brandt P. C.

New neutral atom imager that utilizes a novel electro-optical approach to measure low-energy ENAs with high-sensitivity and angular resolution.

  • Fletcher Z. J.
  • Cheng A. F.
  • Barnouin O. S.
  • Chabot N. L.
  • Reed C. L.

The proposed DART mission is the first demonstration of kinetic impact for deflection of an asteroid. We describe DART’s instrument DRACO’s (Didymos Reconaissance and Asteroid Camera for Op-nav) requirements, resulting design, and planned operations.

  • Renard J. B.
  • Verdier N. *

The Light Optical Aerosols Counter (LOAC) has been used for years at the surface and under all kinds of balloons in the Earth atmosphere. The reliability of this instrument is now demonstrated and it is light and compact enough for planetary missions.

  • Verdier N. *
  • Lognonné P.
  • Banerdt W. B.
  • De Raucourt S.
  • IJpelaan F.
  • Jerjean L.
  • Pont G.
  • Sylvestre-Baron A.
  • Laudet P.
  • Bousquet P.
  • Hohhman T.
  • Umland J.
  • Bone B.
  • Hurst K.
  • Giardini D.
  • Zweifel P.
  • Bramanti C.
  • Pike W. T.
  • Calcutt S.
  • Mimoun D.
  • Bierwirth M.
  • Christensen U.

After giving an outline of the InSight mission, with a focus on SEIS activities on Mars, we will describe the SEIS instrument and its performances, and provide a status of its development at the time of the workshop.

  • Kobayashi M.
  • Okudaira O.
  • Kurosawa K.
  • Okamoto T.
  • Matsui T.

We describe the development of dust particles sensor in space with large area (1m × 1m scale). The sensor has just a thin film of polyimide attached with small tips of piezoelectric elements. We performed experiments to characterize the sensor.Kobayashi M.

  • Tamppari L. K. *
  • Livesey N. J.
  • Read W. G.

We review the scientific need for global vertically resolved observations of martian atmospheric winds, and show that a submillimeter limb sounder can provide such measurements, along with measurements of water vapor and other trace gases.

  • Ogasawara K. *
  • Allegrini F.
  • Desai M. I.
  • Livi S. A.

This study reports on the performance of Avalanche Photodiode (APD) and Multi-Pixel Photon Counter (MPPC) as timing detectors for ion time-of-flight mass spectroscopy. APDs detect >10 keV ions directly, while MPPCs detect sub-keV secondary electrons.

  • Meshik A. *
  • Pravdivtseva O.

A new concept of sampling planetary volatiles based on experience from Genesis mission.

  • Cohen B. A. *

KArLE is intended to yield in situ geochronology data and enhance functionality of existing flight instruments using flight hardware that would be reliable, reconfigurable and adaptable to multiple partner instruments and mission architectures.

  • Coleman M. *
  • Christensen L. E.
  • Kriesel J. M.
  • Kelly J. F.
  • Moran J. J.
  • Vance S.

We are developing, Capillary Absorption Spectrometry (CAS) for H and O stable isotope analyses, giving > 4 orders of magnitude improved sensitivity, allowing analysis of 5 nano-moles of water and coupled to laser sampling to free water from hydrated minerals and ice.

  • Adams E. Y.
  • Murchie S. L.
  • Hohlfeld E. M.
  • Peplowski P. N.

The Planetary Object Geophysical Observer, or POGO, is a geochemical landed package designed for ballistic deployment to its target body, to survive landing at 5 m/s, and to achieve its core objectives from any landed orientation.

  • Panini S.
  • Narendranath S. *
  • Sreekumar P.
  • Athiray P. S.
  • Nayak M.

We will present the conceptual design and developmental status of a X-ray imager for measuring solar wind charge exchange X-ray emission from the martian exosphere from an orbiter around the planet.

  • Honniball C. I.
  • Wright R.
  • Lucey P. G.

The Miniaturized Infrared detector of Atmospheric Species (MIDAS) utilizes an uncooled microbolometer coupled with a Sagnac interferometer. MIDAS will be used to detect and quantify atmospheric constituents for a variety of science applications.

  • Babu Mannam N. P. *
  • Krishnankutty P.

Conventional planetary rover designs are wheel operated on firm ground surfaces and proved successful in the exploration of Mars environment. In order to explore liquid medium on Jupiter’s Europa, biomimetic planetary rovers are discussed in the current research.

  • Schröder C.
  • Klingelhöfer G.
  • Morris R. V.
  • Yen A. S.
  • Renz F.
  • Graff T. G.

We propose a fully-qualified flight-spare Mössbauer spectrometer for the asteroid redirect mission to identify Fe-bearing mineral phases and Fe oxidation states, and for quantitative distribution of Fe between mineral phasesand oxidation states.

  • Atchison J. *
  • Mitch R.
  • Apland C.
  • Kee L.

A concept and instrument for improving our ability to resolve the mass of asteroids and comets during flybys or orbital phases. A host spacecraft ejects a set of small spheres and optically tracks them pre-and-post flyby to estimate asteroid mass.

  • Noell A. C.
  • Fisher A. M.
  • Takano N.
  • Fors-Francis K.
  • Sherrit S.
  • Grunthaner F.

A fluidic-chip based instrument for subcritical water extraction (SCWE) of amino acids and other organics from powder samples has been developed. A variety of soil analog extractions have been performed to better understand SCWE capabilities.

  • Parsons A. M. *
  • Grau J.
  • Lawrence D. J.
  • Miles J.
  • Peplowski P. N.
  • Perkins L.
  • Schweitzer J. S.
  • Starr R. D.

The Bulk Elemental Composition Analyzer (BECA) instrument uses high energy neutrons and gamma rays to measure the bulk elemental composition of Venus beneath a landed probe. We will present the results of a BECA prototype tested at NASA/GSFC.

  • Creamer J. S.
  • Mora M. F.
  • Kehl F.
  • Willis P. A.

This work describes two capillary electrophoresis methods capable of resolving 17 amino acids that are found in high abundance in both biotic and abiotic samples.

  • Kidd R. D.
  • Bae B.
  • Willis P. A.
  • Noell A. C.
  • Scianmarello N.
  • Tai Y.-C.

Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS) technology to reduce the size, mass and power of the three classical chromatographic technologies: gas chromatography (GC), capillary electrophoresis (CE) and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC).

  • Wagstaff K. L.
  • Altinok A.
  • Bue B.
  • Chien S. A.
  • Mandrake L.

Autonomous analysis of data as it is collected enables response to dynamic or short-lived events, environmental monitoring, and increased science return. Missions operating at far distances (e.g., ocean worlds) can benefit greatly.

  • Lerman H. N.
  • Hutchinson I. B.
  • Bannister N. P.
  • McHugh M.
  • Ingley R.
  • Lester M.
  • Wright D.
  • Milan S.
  • Brunskill C.
  • Garton D.

The results of testing a UV enhanced CCD for a CubeSat-compatible, multi-purpose imaging payload, targeted at space weather monitoring and maritime domain awareness.

  • Darrach M. R. *
  • Madzunkov S.
  • Neidholdt E.
  • Simcic J.

We report on the Atmospheric Constituent Explorer System (ACES), a mass spectrometer based instrument for atmospheric probe missions (e.g. Venus and ice giant) that can determine abundances and isotopic ratios of the noble-gases and trace species.

  • Kleinboehl A. *
  • Schofield J. T.
  • Kass D. M.
  • McCleese D. J.

We describe a mature, low-cost, and low-risk infrared atmospheric profiler based on MRO/MCS heritage for measuring atmospheric temperature, dust, water ice, carbon dioxide ice, and water vapor on a future Mars orbiter mission.

  • Blaney D. L. *
  • Green R. O.
  • Mouroulis P.
  • Ehlmann B. L.
  • Van Gorp B.
  • McKinnley I.
  • Rodriguez J. M.
  • Lamborn A.
  • Haag J.
  • Cable M.

The Ultra Compact Imaging Spectrometer (UCIS) is a visible to short wavelength infrared imaging spectrometer with a modular architecture. It is possible to adapt to the instrument details to a variety of mission concepts requiring low mass and low power.

  • Carter L. M. *
  • Rincon R. F.
  • Novak M.

We will discuss design of an orbital P-band (70 cm wavelength) digital beamforming radar system that is modular and can be used for imaging polarimetry of Earth and rocky planets and moons, as well as asteroids and comets.

  • Lucey P. G.
  • Sun X.
  • Li S. X.
  • Numata K.
  • Neumann G. A.
  • Abshire J. B.
  • Smith D. E.

A laser altimeter that measures surface reflectance in up to seven bands in the infrared is being developed. Narrow band infrared lasers and infrared avalanche photodiode arrays have been demonstrated. The instrument can detect ppm levels of water.

  • Kehl F. *
  • Wu D.
  • Mora M. F.
  • Creamer J. S.
  • Willis P. A.

We present a compact sample extractor and analysis unit, based on subcritical water extraction and flow injection analysis, that could be used to support robotic missions seeking chemical signatures of life on Mars, Europa, Enceladus or Titan.

  • Getty S. A.
  • Li X.
  • Brinckerhoff W. B.
  • Elsila J. E.
  • Grubisic A.
  • Cornish T.
  • Balvin M.
  • Southard A.
  • Ferrance J.

The novel MACROS instrument package will enable the in situ characterization of the inorganic and organic composition of surface samples by coupling liquid extraction with laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry.

  • Arevalo R. Jr. *
  • Danell R. M.
  • Gundersen C.
  • Hovmand L.
  • Southard A.
  • Tan F.
  • Grubisic A.
  • Brinckerhoff W. B.
  • Getty S. A.
  • Mahaffy P.
  • Cottin H.
  • Briois C.
  • Colin F.
  • Szopa C.
  • Vuitton V.
  • Makarov A.
  • Reinhardt-Szyba M.

AROMA combines a linear ion trap and Orbitrap mass analyzer to enable: quantitative measurements of organic and inorganic compounds; selective isolation of targeted mass ranges; tandem mass spectrometry; and, ultrahigh mass resolution and accuracy.

  • Korth H. *
  • Strohbehn K.
  • Kitching J.

Miniaturized absolute scalar magnetometer based on the rubidium isotope 87Rb takes advantage of recent breakthroughs in micro-fabricated atomic devices, has a total mass of 210 g and uses <1 W of power, and maintains a sensitivity of 0.1 nT rms.

  • Dell'Agnello S.
  • SCF_Lab Team
  • Currie D.
  • Richards R.
  • Chandler J.

We describe next-generation laser retroreflectors for solar system science/exploration, developed at INFN-LNF, Frascati, Italy in collaboration with ASI and NASA-SSERVI, for lunar missions, ExoMars, Mars2020, Phobos, Jupiter icy/rocky moons, asteroids.

  • Dyar M. D. *
  • Breves E. A.
  • Lepore K. H.
  • Boucher T. F.
  • Giguere S.

More than two decades of work have been dedicated to development of robust standards, data processing, and calibration tools for LIBS. Here we summarize major considerations for improving accuracy of LIBS chemical analyses.

  • McHugh M. *
  • Hutchinson I. B.
  • Ingley R.
  • Nelms N.

We describe the development of a radiometric model for stand-off Raman Spectrometer and discuss the initial results.

  • Davis M. W. *
  • Gladstone G. R.
  • Retherford K. D.

Four planetary ultraviolet spectrographs by SwRI have successfully operated on different planetary missions. Two more will operate aboard the JUICE and Europa missions with advancements to allow operations in the Jovian environment.

  • Chanover N. J.
  • Aslam S.
  • DiSanti M. A.
  • Hibbitts C. A.
  • Honniball C. I.
  • Paganini L.
  • Parker A.
  • Skrutskie M. F.
  • Young E. F.

The GHAPS Science Instrument Definition Team presents its report.

  • Barabash S. *
  • Brandt P.
  • Wurz P.
  • PEP Team

Description of the particle package for the ESA Jupiter mission JUICE.

  • Southard A. E.
  • Getty S. A.
  • Ferrance J. P.
  • Balvin M. A.
  • Elsila J. E.
  • Stewart D.
  • Stamos B.
  • Kotecki C.
  • Glavin D. P.

The OASIS instrument is being developed to perform in situ liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry on icy bodies in the solar system. A chief goal for OASIS is to detect enantiomeric excess in amino acids, a compelling biosignature.

  • Wu K.
  • Doran G. B.
  • Thompson D. R.
  • Allwood A. C.
  • Flannery D. T.
  • Sharrow R. F.
  • Pedersen D. A. K.
  • Liebe C. C.

We analyze performance of an algorithm for precise closed-loop instrument placement that uses context camera images to recognize landmark features on a rock surface.

  • Steininger H.
  • Goesmann F.
  • Raulin F.
  • Brinckerhoff W. B.
  • Mahaffy P. R.
  • Szopa C.

The contamination control approach for life detection instrument is presented on the example of the Mars Organic Molecule Analyzer. A combined pyrolysis gas chromatograph mass spectrometer and laser desorption mass spectrometer.

  • Mora M. F. *
  • Willis P. A.

Here we will describe the status of microchip electrophoresis instruments at JPL and the steps we are taking to someday enable the implementation of this technology on other worlds.

  • Ho G. C.
  • Andrews G. B.

We present a new plasma composition instrument design that would extend the energy range of the current plasma instrument and provide higher time cadence and mass measurement that are required for planetary and/or cometry flyover missions.

  • Dyar M. D.
  • Breitenfeld L. B.
  • Bartholomew P.
  • Carey C.

Three areas of Raman research are discussed: integration and review of new and existing Raman databases for minerals, assessment of the relationship between peak intensity and mineral abundance, and development of mineral identification software.

  • Wang A. *
  • Lambert J. L.
  • Hutchinson I.
  • Monacos S.
  • McHugh M.
  • Wei J.
  • Yan Y. C.

We report the results from a CIRS performance test that was accomplished in August 2016. Now both in situ Raman systems, MMRS and CIRS, are ready for missions. We will compare them with other Raman architectures.

  • Burks M. T. *
  • Heffern L. E.
  • Lawrence D. J.
  • Goldsten J. O.
  • Peplowski P. N.

GeMini Plus is a high-resolution, low-resource, gamma-ray spectrometer for planetary composition measurements. The core of the instrument has a mass of ~3 kg and requires ~10 watts power, making it well suited for both landed and orbital missions.

  • Sittler E. C. Jr.
  • Cooper J. F.
  • Paschalidis N.
  • Jones S. L.
  • Brinckerhoff W. L.
  • Paterson W. R.
  • Ali A.
  • Coplan M. A.
  • Chornay D.
  • Sturner S. J.
  • Benna M.
  • Bateman F. B.
  • Fontaine D.
  • Verdeil C.
  • Andre N.
  • Blanc M.
  • Wurz P.

Advanced Ion Mass Spectrometer is being developed to measure both major and minor ion species from 1 V to 25 kV with wide field-of-view in the 1–60 amu mass range at M/ΔM ≤ 60 over a wide range of ion intensities within high radiation environments.

  • Willis P. A.
  • Mora M. F.
  • Creamer J. S.
  • Kehl F.

Our team has been developing all components required for liquid-based analysis on planetary missions. Here we summarize our progress in this area, and highlight enhancements to science return on NASA missions that these technologies could provide.

  • Meyer M. A. *
  • Rummel J. D.

A Planetary Protection and Technology Definition Team will assess challenges to meeting planetary protection requirements to instruments and will suggest technological solutions. Status and initial findings will be reported.

  • Turtle E. P.
  • McEwen A. S.
  • Osterman S. N. *
  • Boldt J. D.
  • Strohbehn K.
  • EIS Science Team

EIS NAC and WAC use identical rad-hard rapid-readout 4 k × 2 k CMOS detectors for imaging during close (≤25 km) fast (~4.5 km/s) Europa flybys. NAC achieves 0.5 m/pixel over a 2-km swath from 50 km, and WAC provides context pushbroom stereo imaging.

  • John K. K.
  • Abell P.
  • Brisset J.
  • Britt D.
  • Colwell J.
  • Durda D.
  • Dove A.
  • Fries M.
  • Graham L.
  • Hartzell C.
  • Leonard M.
  • Love S.
  • Sanchez D. P.
  • Scheeres D. J.

Strata-1 is an experiment studying asteroid regolith in the microgravity environment of ISS. The prolonged microgravity and vibrational conditions of ISS are analogous to those on small Solar System bodies.

  • Stockton A. M. *
  • Duca Z.
  • Cato M.
  • Cantrell T.
  • Foreman S.
  • Kim J.
  • Putman P.
  • Schmidt B.

This work shows the development of LIF and microfluidic subsystems for planetary impact penetrator missions. With structural optimization, EOA can survive a 50,000 g impact, making it the only current optical instrument with this capability.

  • Kenyon M.
  • Mariani G.
  • Johnson B.
  • Brageot E.
  • Hayne P.

We have developed an instrument concept called TIMBRE which belongs to the important class of instruments called thermal imaging radiometers (TIRs). TIMBRE is the next-generation TIR with unparalleled performance compared to the state-of-the-art.

  • Mojarro A. *
  • Hachey J.
  • Tani J.
  • Smith A.
  • Bhattaru S. A.
  • Pontefract A.
  • Doebler R.
  • Brown M.
  • Ruvkun G.
  • Zuber M. T.
  • Carr C. E.

We are developing an integrated nucleic acid extraction and sequencing instrument: the Search for Extra-Terrestrial Genomes (SETG) for in situ life detection on Mars. Our goals are to identify related or unrelated nucleic acid-based life on Mars.

  • Lightholder J.
  • Thompson D. R.
  • Huffman W.
  • Boland J.
  • Chien S.
  • Castillo-Rogez J.

Software strategies for new onboard science techniques which optimize science return under the constrains of interplanetary small spacecraft. These include size, power, attitude control and communications bandwidth.

  • Ehlmann B. L. *
  • Blaney D. L.
  • Green R. O.
  • Mouroulis P.

VSWIR microimaging spectroscopy is a key tool for landed planetary missions, acquiring simultaneous composition and texture. It has been matured to TRL 6 as UCIS and is presently being used for meteorite and terrestrial earth science studies.

  • Uckert K.
  • Getty S.
  • Grubisic A.
  • Li X.
  • Yu A. W.
  • Fahey M. E.
  • Brinckerhoff W. B.
  • Li S. X.
  • Cornish T.
  • Farcy B.
  • Elsila J. E.

We explore the analytical advantages offered by a prototype two-step laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometer, and demonstrate the detection of hydrocarbons in organically-doped cryogenic ocean world-relevant ices and mixtures.

  • Allen C. C. *
  • Beaty D. W.

We look ahead to the possible return to Earth of samples collected by the Mars 2020 mission, and address the measurements and types of instruments that could provide initial characterization and sample preparation required for planetary protection.

  • Butterworth A. L. *
  • Kim J.
  • Stockton A. M.
  • Turin P.
  • Ludlam M.
  • Mathies R. A.

Enceladus Organic Analyzer (EOA) is an innovative miniaturized microfluidic organic chemical and biochemical analysis instrument that will capture plume ice and determine trace organic content.

  • Pauken M. *
  • Smith K.
  • Sujittosakul S.
  • Li B.
  • Firdosy S.
  • Smrekar S.
  • Morgan P.

A heat flux measurement instrument is being developed to determine the heat flow through the Venus surface. Heat flow measurement provides data for distinguishing between various hypotheses of planetary evolution.

  • Retherford K. D. *
  • Davis M. W.
  • Greathouse T. K.
  • Monreal R. M.
  • Blase R. C.
  • Raut U.
  • Steffl A. J.
  • Cooke C. M.
  • Siegmun O.
  • Gladstone G. R.

We report our efforts to optimize our UV Spectrograph (UVS) instruments for operating in the intense radiation environment of Jupiter for studying the ocean worlds of Europa and Ganymede in order to share our lessons learned.

  • John K. K. *
  • Botkin D. J.
  • Burton A. S.
  • Castro-Wallace S. L.
  • Chaput J. D.
  • Dworkin J. P.
  • Lupisella M. L.
  • Mason C. E.
  • Rubins K. H.
  • Smith D. J.
  • Stahl S.
  • Switzer C.

Biomolecule Sequencer will demonstrate, for the first time, that DNA sequencing is feasible as a tool for in-situ environmental monitoring and astrobiology. A space-based sequencer could identify microbes, diseases, and help detect DNA-based life.

  • Ravine M. A. *
  • Caplinger M. A.
  • Hansen C. J.
  • Ingersoll A. P.
  • Bolton S. J.

Juno went into orbit around Jupiter on 4 July 2016. Junocam took images of Jupiter and its satellites in the weeks before Jupiter Orbit Insertion (JOI) and the weeks after. Much higher resolution data will be acquired in late August 2016.

  • Prettyman T. H.
  • Yamashita N.
  • Burger A.
  • Rowe E.
  • Butler J.
  • Groza M.
  • Stassun K.
  • Lambert J. L.
  • Castillo-Rogez J. C.
  • Raymond C. A.
  • Feldman S. M.
  • Beck P. R.
  • Cherepy N. J.
  • Payne S. A.

Strontium iodide, a new scintillator for gamma ray spectroscopy, offers improved performance for orbital and in situ measurements of planetary elemental composition.

  • Ravine M. A.
  • Schaffner J. A.
  • Caplinger M. A.

MSSS has delivered four ECAM systems to four different customers and for widely varying missions and is under contract for two additional systems. The variety of real-world applications has proven the flexibility of the architecture.

  • Cutts J. *
  • Pauken M.
  • Jackson J.
  • Mimoun D.
  • Bowman D.

We are developing a technique for detecting seismic events and other naturally occurring phenomena on Venus using infrasound from a balloon platform that floats in the upper atmosphere.

  • Moore T. Z. *
  • Retherford K. D.
  • Davis M. W.
  • Raut U.
  • Mandt K. E.
  • Mason J. D.
  • Yakovlev V. V.

The desire to understand planetary atmospheres, terrestrial chemistry, or search for potential biological markers often involves optical spectroscopy. We present a new approach to planetary instrumentation based on a novel integrating cavity.

  • Chmielewski A. B. *

Lessons learned from the international Rosetta mission.

  • Parker C. W.

The PEP-Hi instruments JENI and JoEE for the ESA JUICE mission will measure middle to high energy electrons, ions, and neutral particles in the jovian particle environment.

  • Anderson F. S. *
  • Whitaker T. J.
  • Levine J.
  • Beck S.

We describe new results for Pb-Pb dating, and progress on laser development, for the Pb-Pb and Rb-Sr measuring, organics detecting, and elemental abundance mapping Chemistry, Organics, and Dating EXperiment (CODEX) instrument.

  • Brinckerhoff W. *
  • Grubisic A.
  • Danell R.
  • van Amerom F.
  • Pinnick V.
  • Li X.
  • Arevalo R.
  • Getty S.
  • Trainer M.
  • Mahaffy P.
  • Chu P.
  • Zacny K.
  • Rogacki S.

Summary of the current status, results and plans for the Linear Ion Trap Mass Spectrometer instrument development project including its contrast to past instrumentation and the outlook for the future.

  • Hardgrove C. *
  • Prettyman T.
  • Johnson E.
  • Parsons A.
  • Barnaby H.
  • Christian J.
  • Gupta K.

SINGR is a single scintillator detector coupled with a pulsed neutron generator that is currently being prototyped, modeled, developed and tested in order to acquire rapid geochemical data, hydrogen abundance and depth profiles on planetary missions.

  • Rodriguez-Manfredi J. A.
  • de la Torre Juárez M. *
  • Boland J. S.
  • Bridges N. T.
  • Conrad P.
  • Ferri F.
  • Genzer M.
  • Gómez-Gómez F.
  • Gómez-Elvira J.
  • Harri A.-M.
  • Kemppinnen O.
  • Lemmon M. T.
  • Martínez G.
  • Navarro S.
  • Newman C. E.
  • Pérez-Hoyos S.
  • Prieto O.
  • Ramos M.
  • Saiz-López A.
  • Sánchez-Lavega A.
  • Schofield J. T.
  • Sebastián E.
  • Smith M. D.
  • Tamppari L. K.
  • MEDA Team

We describe the status of the Mars Environmental Dynamics Analyzer (MEDA), a suite of environmental sensors that compose one of seven instruments being developed for the science investigations from the Mars 2020 rover.

  • Brageot E.*
  • Lindeman M.
  • Orton G.

I will present the design trade study that led us to the concept of an on-orbit or fly-by mid- to far-Infra-Red Fourier Trans-form Imaging spectrometer design for outer planets of the solar system.

  • Hosseini S. *

Spatial Heterodyne Spectrometers (SHS) is a compact reflective two-beam cyclical interferometer that can obtain high spectral resolution spectra (R~100000) at wide FOV (~0.5 degree) using no or small aperture telescopes in very compact sizes.

  • Beegle L. B. *
  • Bhartia R.
  • DeFlores L.
  • Miller E.
  • Pollack R.
  • Abbey W.
  • Carrier B.

SHERLOC is a Deep UV (DUV) native fluorescence and resonance Raman spectrometer that was selected as part of the Mars 2020 payload. It is a robotic arm mounted instrument that generates Raman and fluorescence photons from a targeted 100 µm spot.

  • Zacny K. *
  • Paulsen G.

We present development and testing of the 1 m class drilling system. The system will reach TRL6 by October of 2016 and will be ready for infusion into future planetary surface missions to the Moon, Mars, and Ocean Worlds.

  • Wong M. H.

Two case studies (Curiosity and the Galileo Probe) show how synergistic instrument payloads can overcome some of the challenges of variability over temporal and spatial dimensions, with implications for Saturn/ice giant probe missions.

  • Souders A. K. *
  • Sylvester P. J.

Report on 2016 GSA Annual Meeting topical session 'Go Small or Go Home: Microbeam Techniques Applied to Igneous, Metamorphic, and Sedimentary Petrology of Earth and Planetary Materials'.

  • Francis R.
  • Estlin T. A.
  • Wagstaff K.
  • Doran G.
  • Mandrake L.

Onboard autonomy at the instrument level can speed mission progress and enable new investigations. We describe the range of roles autonomy can play in surface missions, and survey existing and flight-proven techniques available for new instruments.

  • Kerber L.
  • Nesnas I. A.

Axel Rover is an extreme terrain rover that can carry a sizeable payload of capable instruments to difficult-to-reach locations in a variety of planetary environments.

  • Castillo-Rogez J. C.
  • Feldman S. *
  • Baker J. D.
  • Vane G.

This presentation reviews the current state of the art in small instruments as well as emerging capabilities.

  • Fujimoto M. *

How to promote international aspect of ISAS/JAXA planetary missions will be discussed.

  • Karras J.
  • Carpenter K.
  • Fuller C.
  • Parcheta C.

PUFFER (Pop-Up Flat Folding Explorer Robots) are origami-inspired folding robots with extreme terrain mobility. PUFFERs are low-volume, low-mass, and low-cost robots for high-reward extreme terrain science.

  • Bell J. F. III *
  • Maki J. N.
  • Mehall G. L.
  • Ravine M. A.
  • Caplinger M. A.
  • Mastcam-Z Team

Mastcam-Z is a stereoscopic, multispectral imaging investigation selected for flight on the Mars 2020 rover mission. In this presentation we review our science goals and requirements and describe our CDR-level design and operational plans.

  • Grande M. *
  • The Europlanet Community

The Europlanet 2020 Research Infrastructure is a project to integrate and support planetary science activities across Europe. The project is funded under the European Commission’s Horizon 2020 programme. Technology Foresight is a key activity.

  • Knapp M.
  • Robey F. C.
  • Lind F. D.
  • Hecht M.

We propose to apply vector antenna technology, antennas that measures full electric and magnetic field vectors, to RF source characterization, ionospheric sounding, and to surface penetrating radar in the 250 kHz – 30 MHz range.Knapp M.

  • Hecht M. H. *
  • Hoffman J. A.
  • The MOXIE team

The Mars Oxygen ISRU Experiment (MOXIE) is a technology experiment on the Mars 2020 Rover mission that will demonstrate the production of oxygen from atmospheric carbon dioxide as a precursor to a future human mission.

  • Arenberg J. W.
  • Harpole G.
  • Zamel J.
  • Sen B.
  • Lee G.
  • Ross F.
  • Retherford K.

This poster introduces a thermo-chemical ice penetrator for Ocean Worlds. It employs a eutectic mix of alkali metals that produce an exothermic with an icy surface. This technology builds on successful classified 1980’s era program for the US Navy.

  • Maki J. N. *
  • McKinney C. M.
  • Sellar R. G.
  • Copley-Woods D. S.
  • Gruel D. C.
  • Nuding D. L.
  • Valvo M.
  • Goodsall T.
  • McGuire J.
  • Litwin T. E.

The Mars 2020 Rover will be equipped with a next-generation engineering camera imaging system that represents an upgrade over the previous Mars rover engineering cameras flown on the Mars Exploration Rover (MER) mission and the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) rover mission.

  • Pike W. T. *
  • Standley I. M.
  • Calcutt S. B.
  • Kedar S.
  • Vance S. D.
  • Bills B. G.

We summarize the requirements that would enable a seismic system to provide a probe of the habitability of Europa and introduce a candidate microseismometer for a Europa Seismic Package, comparing to potential competitor technologies.

  • Kedar S.
  • Pike W. T.
  • Standley I M.
  • Calcutt S. B.
  • Bowles N.
  • Blaes B.
  • Irom F.
  • Mojarradi M.
  • Vance S. D.
  • Bills B. G.

We outline a pathway for adapting the SP microseismometer delivered to InSight to provide a Europa Seismic Package that overcomes the three significant challenges in the environmental conditions, specifically gravity, temperature and radiation.

  • Hernandez
  • Schwartz
  • Asphaug
  • Thangavelautham

We present a micro-penetrometer instrument for determining hardness, granularity, porosity and composition of asteroid surfaces for use on SmallSat and CubeSat missions. The presentation includes mission concepts and laboratory experiments.

  • Wiens R. C. *
  • Maurice S.
  • Rull F.
  • SuperCam Team

The Mars 2020 Science Definition Team (SDT) report emphasized the importance of fine-scale measurements, suggesting that the numerous pin-point observations made at remote distances by ChemCam was a very desirable capability.

  • Cutts J. A. *
  • Grimm R.
  • Steffes P. I.
  • Izenberg N.

Venus presents unique challenges and opportunities for scientific exploration. VEXAG is now working on defining needs for laboratory measurements to support the exploration of Venus.

  • Allwood A. *
  • Wade L. A.
  • Hurowitz J. A.

PIXL data, together with other instruments on the 2020 Mars rover, will make it possible to carry out astrobiological field investigations with sufficient detail and quality to credibly address the search for signs of ancient life on Mars.