Instrumentations for the next generation of orbiters (Sessions 1 and 2)

JUpiter ICy Moons Explorer (JUICE): The ESA L1 Mission to the Jupiter System Dougherty M. K., Grasset O., Erd C., Titov D., Bunce E., Coustenis A., * Blanc M., Coates A., Drossart P., Fletcher L., Hussmann H., Jaumann R., Krupp N., Prieto-Ballesteros O., Tortora P., Tosi F., Van Hoolst T.
The Jupiter Icy Moons Explorer (JUICE) mission has recently been selected by ESA as the first large mission within the Cosmic Visions 2015.2025 plan. We will introduce the mission that is being developed to thoroughly explore the Jupiter system with focus on the largest satellite, Ganymede.

CIRS and CIRS-Lite as Designed for the Outer Planets: TSSM, EJSM, JUICE Brasunas J., Abbas M., Bly V., Edgerton M., Hagopian J., Mamakos W., Morell A., Pasquale B., Smith W.
Remote sensing of planetary atmospheres and surfaces via spectrometers such as Cassini CIRS is a powerful tool for inferring temperatures, composition, and dynamics. We are developing a lightweight successor to CIRS - CIRS-lite.

SUDA: A Dust Mass Spectrometer for Surface Mapping for the JUICE Mission to the Galilean Moons Kempf S., Briois C., Cottin H., Engrand C., Grün E., Hand K., Henkel H., Horanyi M., Lankton M., Lebreton J.-P., Postberg F., Schmidt J., Srama R., Sternovsky Z., Thissen R., Tobie G., Szopa C., Zolotov M.
We developed a mass spectrometer to measure the composition of the dust exospheres of the Galilean moons. Since the grains are samples from the moons. surfaces, unique information is obtained about the geological activities on and below the crust.

Radiation-Hard Camera for Jupiter System Science McEwen A. S., Janesick J., Elliot S. T., Turtle E. P., Strohbehn K., Adams E.
A camera concept is presented that can accomplish science goals for several candidate missions to the high-radiation environment of Jupiter. Included are new radiation test results.

Scientific Return of a Dust Analyzer at Io Harrison T. N., Szalay J., Parker C. W., Potter R., Trammell H., Shkolyar S., Suer T., Cable M. L., Cumbers J., Gentry D., Naidu S., Padovan S., Reimuller J., Walker C., Whitten J.
Here we propose an instrument that would enhance our understanding of Io .a dust analyzer . which could provide direct and indirect analysis of Io's volcanic activity as well as insights into Io.s formation, interior/surface structure, and atmosphere.

Energetic Charged Particle Instrumentation for JUICE Paranicas C., Brandt P., Ho G., Westlake J.
Radiation tolerant charged particle detectors to be flown to Jupiter. Instrumentation will focus on the in situ detection of energetic charged particles in a magnetospheric environment.

PRIDE - Passive Radio Ice Depth Experiment - An Instrument to Measure Outer Planet Lunar Ice Depths from Orbit Using Neutrinos Miller T., Schaefer R. K., Sequeira H. B.
We use high-energy neutrino signals in ice to gauge planetary ice layer depth. We consider aspects of the required instrument design and spacecraft constraints. We conclude such an instrument is compatible with constraints on outer planet missions.

Rapid, Globally Contiguous, High Resolution 3D Topographic Mapping of Planetary Moons Using a Scanning, Photon-Counting Lidar Degnan J. J.
The presentation describes a new class of scanning photon-counting 3D imaging lidars capable of globally and contiguously mapping a Europa-sized moon within 30 days with 10 m horizontal resolution and decimeter vertical resolution.

LunarCube: Creating a New Paradigm for Lower Cost, Higher Access, and Greater Capability Systems and Instrumentation for Planetary Exploration Clark P. E., MacDowall R., Cox R., Rilee M. L., Vasant A., Malphrus B., Schaire S.
LunarCube is a proposed approach for extending the affordable CubeSat model to support access to deep space via cislunar/lunar missions. We examine how to expand the model, still embracing higher risk implementation, for deep space operation.

Flash Lidars for Planetary Missions Dissly R. W., Weimer C., Masciarelli J., Weinberg J., Miller K. L., Rohrschneider R.
Ball Aerospace has developed multiple flash lidar technologies which can benefit planetary exploration missions. This paper describes these developments, culminating in a successful flight demonstration on STS-134.

Instrumentation on the Phoenix Mission Smith P. H.
The Phoenix instruments designed to investigate soil above a ice-cemented sublayer are described and their interactive nature explained. Unexpected chemistry calls into question the Viking GCMS result that no organics exist in the martian soil.

An Adaptive Lidar for Planetary Exploration Weimer C., Ramond T.Dissly R.
Laser remote sensing has played a key part in the success of planetary missions. This paper will illustrate how a new .adaptive lidar. will enable new and improved science.

Mars Orbital Lidar for Global Atmospheric and Topographic Measurements Abshire J. B., Smith M. D., Riris H., Sun X.
We are studying an atmospheric lidar for Mars orbit that can continuously measure atmospheric backscatter and depolarization profiles, wind (Doppler shift) profiles and a column gas measurement that directly address high-priority needs for Mars.

Measurement of Mars Atmosphere Using an Orbiting Lidar Instrument Amzajerdian F., Busch G. E., Edwards W. C., Cianciolo A. D., Munk M. M.
This paper describes an orbiting lidar instrument concept capable of providing Mars atmospheric parameters critical to design of future robotic and manned missions requiring advanced aerocapture, precision landing, and launch from Mars surface.

Beyond MRO/CRISM: A High Resolution Compositional Imager for Mars Murchie S. L., Mustard J. F., Bridges N. T., Smith M. D., Wolff M. J., Clancy R. T., Arvidson R. E., Ehlmann B. L., Grant J. A., Milliken R. E., Pratt L. M., Titus T. N., Becker K. J., McGovern J. A., Malaret E., Winters H.
We describe an approach whereby an orbital imager can leverage lessons learned from Mars orbital compositional mapping to provide spatial resolution several times better than MRO/CRISM but with comparable system mass.

Orbital Imaging Radar for Mars Campbell B. A., Grant J. A., Plaut J. J., Freeman A., Eagle Discovery Team
We present the science and resource-mapping capabilities of a synthetic aperture radar (SAR) sensor that can be accommodated on a Discovery class bus or as part of the instrument suite of a MRO/MAVEN scale spacecraft.

PLUME: A Fast, High Precision Interferometer for Trace Gas Localization Heaps Wm. S., Georgieva E. M.
PLUME is a collection of small nadir viewing Fabry-Perot interferometer-based radiometers that make simultaneous measurements of key species: carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), water vapor (H2O), formaldehyde (CH2O), and .heavy. water (HDO).

Miniaturized Hollow-Waveguide Gas Correlation Radiometer (GCR) for Trace Gas Detection in the Martian Atmosphere Wilson E. L., Georgieva E. M. Melroy H. R.
We present a miniaturized and simplified version of this instrument capable of mapping multiple trace gases and identifying active regions on the martian surface.

A Multi-Frequency Inverse Synthetic Aperture Radar (ISAR) Instrument to Explore the Internal Structure of Small Planetary Bodies Deshpande M.
A step frequency Inverse Synthetic Aperture Radar (ISAR) instrument operating over wide low-band frequencies is described to perform reflection/transmission tomography for imaging the internal structure of asteroids and small planetary bodies.

Submillimeter-Wave Spectroscopic Instruments: Multi-functional Atmospheric Characterization Mehdi I., Gulkis S., Allen M. A., Schlecht E., Chattopadhyay G.
Submillimeter-wave spectroscopic instruments provide unique capability in terms of providing quantitative measurements of trace gas compositions in planetary atmospheres. Such instruments also provide temporal and wind velocity mapping capability.

Magnesium Diboride (MgB2 )-Based Bolometer Array for Far Infra-Red Thermal Imaging and Fourier Transform Spectroscopy Applications Lakew B., Aslam S., Brasunas J. C.
The performance of a 2-D array of Magnesium Diboride (MgB2) based thermal detectors is presented. Applications will be in far infrared instrumentation for high-resolution spectroscopy and thermal mapping of cold planetary objects in the solar system.

Development of Grazing Incidence Devices for Space-Borne Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry Cadu A., Devoto P., Louarn P., Sauvaud J.-A.
TOF mass spectrometry is used to study space plasmas in various missions. This work aims to replace carbon foils by grazing incidence distributed surfaces. The result would be a lighter instrument with a substantial mass resolution improvement.

SciBox, an Integrated Instrument and Spacecraft Planning and Commanding System Choo T. H., Murchie S. L., Bedini P. D., Nair H., McGovern J. A.
SciBox is a revolutionary, proven approach to planning and sequencing orbital science observations. It automates searching for and selecting observing opportunities, construction of sequences, conflict resolution, sequence validation and commanding.

A Process to Verify the Microvibration and Pointing Stability Requirements for the BepiColombo Mission Vitelli M., Specht B., Boquet F.
During BepiColombo scientific observation of Mercury, the instruments require continuous and highly-accurate nadir-pointing. A process is defined to verify the pointing stability via analyses and tests carried out on each disturbance source.